Tips Tuesday: 13 most common diseases in dogs and how to treat them

While most of the dogs, soon after birth, are vaccinated against various diseases, we can never fully protect our pets. Like humans, animals can become ill from a range of diseases many of which are potentially fatal. So it is very important to recognize them on time and start the proper treatment.

13. Cancer (lymphoma)

Disease: Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer that arises by mutation of white blood cells.

Symptoms: The appearance of nodules on the skin, abnormal body odor, sores that do not heal, sudden weight loss, loss of appetite, cough, lethargy, various aches and pains.

Who is affected and why: As many as 50 percent of dogs over the age of 10 years get cancer. It is also the leading cause of death in this age group of dogs. The most common type of cancer or lymphoma is a cancer of lymph nodes.

How to prevent/treat disease: There are many successful treatments, including chemotherapy for dogs.
12.  Nuclear sclerosis

Disease: Aging dogs increase the fiber tissue that makes up the lens, pushing the older, inner fiber and changing their orientation. Since the lens has no room for expansion, the lens becomes opaque and cloudy, mostly blue and green.

Symptoms: Blurred appearance of the eye, the difficulty in determining the length and width.

Who is affected and why: Nuclear sclerosis is more common in older dogs, usually those with more than seven years.

How to prevent/treat disease: There is no way to heal nuclear sclerosis. It would be best to take good care of your dog and adjust his environment, in order to be able to use his other senses.

11. Scabies

Disease: cause mange in dogs tiny mites.

Symptoms: Extreme itching, depressions in the skin, red rash, loss of hair.

Who is affected and why: Dogs who live outdoors. Tiny mites that attack them can survive for several days on the skin.

How to prevent/treat disease: Currently there are no preventive measures for scabies. However, there are several drugs that can be used for treatment.

10. Canine cough

Disease: Canine cough is an infectious canine tracheobronchitis, and is a highly contagious respiratory disease.

The symptoms are dry cough, vomiting, watery discharge from the nose, pneumonia, fever, lethargy.

Who is affected and why: Puppies and older dogs with weak immune systems are at risk of contracting canine cough. Dogs that spend time together indoors are susceptible to infection. Like the common cold, it is easily transmitted from dog to dog.

How to prevent/treat disease: The dog should be vaccinated against the disease.

9. Leptospirosis

Disease: This disease is caused by bacteria that affect dogs, but can also infect a number of domestic and wild animals, and even humans. The organism is transmitted by infected urine and cannot survive long in the water.

Symptoms: Weight loss, fever, loss of appetite, vomiting, lethargy, joint pain and muscle pain, diarrhea, blood in the urine.

Who is affected and why: Any dog breed can be infected with leptospirosis, however, dogs that spend a lot of time outdoors and in the water at the highest risk.

How to prevent/treat disease: leptospirosis can be prevented with proper care of your dog. Dogs should not drink water from puddles or any standing water or to swim in the lakes. They can get vaccinated against the disease, if the vet recommends.

8. Rabies

Disease: Rabies is a contagious viral disease that causes madness and convulsions.

Symptoms: Routing atypical cases, fever, seizures, paralysis, fear of water, a relaxed jaw, inability to swallow, strange shyness or aggression, increased arousal, and increased salivation.

Who is affected and why: Rabies is spread through contact with blood or saliva of infected animals. Hunting dogs get it more often than other breeds.

How to prevent/treat disease: rabies vaccination is required, and it would be good to keep your pets away from wild animals.

7. Lyme Disease

Disease: Lyme disease is caused by bacteria transmitted by ticks.

Symptoms: Lethargy, swollen joints, decreased appetite, weight loss.

Who is affected and why: Lyme disease is susceptible to all dogs.

How to prevent/treat disease: The most effective prevention is to apply an anti-dog ticks.

6. Parvovirus

Disease: The highly contagious viral disease is manifested in two forms – intestinal and heart. Attack cells such as those lining the digestive organs.

Symptoms: Diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, altered body odor.

Who is affected and why: Parvo can affect dogs of all ages but is most common in puppies aged six to 20 weeks.

How to prevent/treat disease: Vaccination is the key to preventing parvo virus. Puppies should be vaccinated in the sixth, ninth and 12th week. Also, they should not go out until the expiry of two weeks after the last vaccination. Sick animals should be immediately taken to the vet.

5. Distemper

Diseases: infectious and serious viral disease caused by a virus similar to the mumps.

Symptoms: Fever, burning eyes, watery discharge from the nose and eyes, lethargy, weight loss, diarrhea, vomiting, persistent cough.

Who is affected and why: distemper is spread through the air by direct or indirect contact with an infected animal.

How to prevent/treat disease: treatment of these diseases is limited. The death rate from distemper is 50 percent. This means that prevention is the key. Distemper vaccine is considered basic in veterinary medicine.

4. Arthritis

Disease: Arthritis is abnormal, destructive process in the joints, which reduces the ability to walk and causes pain.

Symptoms: Stiffness after movement, limited movement, joint swelling, difficulties getting up, whip-poor, walking.

Who is affected and why: Arthritis can get dogs of all breeds, but is more common in those who are prone to larger joint diseases such as congenital hip dysplasia.

How to prevent/treat disease: Regular exercise is vital to reduce the development of the arthritis, and it is important to timely notice symptoms of the disease, because it can then be more effectively controlled.

3. Ear infections

Illness: Ear infections usually caused by bacteria.

Symptoms: Constant scratching ears, shaking his head, loss of balance, pain when opening the mouth.

Who is affected and why: Dogs with long ears, like Cocker Spaniels are prone to ear infections. Otitis, as they are also called the disease affects about 20 percent of dogs.

How to prevent/treat disease: The best way is to clean the ears solution as recommended by a veterinarian once a week.

2. Giardiasis

Disease: giardiasis is an intestinal infection caused by the parasite Giardia, who is a resident of men’s cancer.

Symptoms: Diarrhea, which is soft, oily and spreading nasty, strong smell.

Who is affected and why: Nearly 50 percent of young puppies and dogs up to 100 percent of the shelters get this infection.

How to prevent/treat disease: give the dog enough clean water

1. Obesity

Disease: A dog that is much fatter than normal.

Symptoms: Weight gain, excess body fat, lack of movement, diabetes, arthritis.

Who is affected and why: These are mainly adult dogs, especially those who are vulnerable to live in houses.

How to prevent/treat disease: A dog needs to eat a healthy and balanced diet and regularly moves, in order to prevent obesity. If your dog is overweight, weight loss and increased physical activity is possible with the gradual but regular walk extension.


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